Loyalties in the Regular U.S. Army at the Start of the Civil War

While looking up something else in The Civil War Dictionary by Mark Boatner, I came across these statistics on page 495 which I have copied exactly as they appear:


Loyalty of Regular Army Enlisted Men.

Of the approximately 15,000 enlisted men in the R.A. in 1861, only 26 are known to have deserted to the Confederacy at the outbreak of the Civil War.

Loyalty of Regular Army Officers.

In 1861 there were 1,080 R.A. officers in active service; 620 were from Union territory and 460 from seceding states. About 25% of all R.A. officers had been appointed from civil life; the remainder, 821, were West Pointers. They divided as follows:

                                  Stayed        Resigned
                                  in U.S.       to join
                                   Army          C.S.A
Northerners
  West Point graduates   491       475            16*
  From civil life        129       129           none

Southerners
  West Point graduates   330       162           168
  from civil life        130         1**         129

            TOTALS     1,080       767           313

 * All of whom had married into Southern families.
** Gen. Winfield Scott
(The above facts and figures are from R. Ernest Dupuy, The Compact History of the United States Army, (Hawthorn, NY 1956), pages 122-123. There is a similar summary in Upton's Military Policy.)


Besides General Winfield Scott, other famous southerners who stayed loyal to the Union included, Generals George Thomas, John Gibbon, and Admiral David Farragut.


Battle of Olustee home page
http://battleofolustee.org/